The Old North refers to the Celtic kingdoms in Scotland.
The Picts occupied eastern scotland
The Scotti from Ireland had conquered much of Western Scotland
Northumberland was being ruled by Angles, were were mixing with the locals and spreading their influence.
Scotland AD 590
Greatest king is Urien of Rheged
Rules area from Glasgow to Mancuniam.
Royal seat at Dun Rheged (Dunragit in Galloway)
Major city is Caer Ligualid (Carlisle)
Uriel is allied to
Rhydderch Hael of The Rock
Guallauc of Lennox
Morgant of South Gododdin
Aed MacGabrain of Argyll
King Fiachna of Ulster
In 590 they attack Bamburgh, to try to drive out the Angles
Somehow capture the castle
The remnants of the garrison hide on Medcaut (the island of tides) aka lindisfarne
Uriel besieges Lindisfarne
Is close to victory, but assassinated by the jealous Morgant.
Rhydderch, king of Cadzow (south of Glasgow) King of The Rock
Name sometimes written as Roderc
Married to Queen Languoreth
Languoreth has an affair with a soldier and gives him a ring.
Rhydderch’s advisor is St Mungo (a very old man)
Ring found inside a fish and they are both forgiven
Saint Mungo aka Kentigern (the chief lord)
Died 613, aged 95
Illegitimate child of the exiled queen Tenew of Lleddiniawn
Spent most of life in Gwynedd, in Wales, under St David
Founded a church at Glas-gau (green meadow) at Rhydderch’s request
Advisor to Rhydderch Hael
After the assassination the kings get to fighting amongst themselves for years.
10 years later:
St Augustine’s mission in Canterbury is seen as heretical by the Celtic Catholic Church.
Yrfai, son of Wulfsten, lord of North Gododdin
Assembles 300 greatest warriors to his hall
Feasts them for months
Princes from Pictland and Gwynnedd join him
As does Cynon, son of Clydno Eidyn, lord of the rock
Cynon of the rugged brows
And relatives Cynfael and Cynfeli
Deployed as an elite cavalry group
Called selves Y Bedydd, the baptised
All are high ranking chiefs etc
To defend against Anglian Gentiles they attack the Angles
Event in “The book of Aneirin”
Fight an Anglian force at Catraeth (Catterick)
All but 1 man killed.
Leads to large Anglian expansion and conquest of the Old North